Company F, 2nd South Carolina Artillery Timeline History
July 20, 1861___Men from Orangeburg County begin enlisting in South Carolina 1st Hagood's Infantry Regiment - Company C at Summerville.
August 3, 1861___Morgan Warren Hughes, age 15, enlist in Company C at Summerville. Family legend says he and his brother, Isham, volunteered at same time. While traveling together to Summerville, they conspired to change Isham's name to Warren Middleton Hughes and lie about his age. Warren had just turned 14.
August 23, 1861___Thomas Keith Legare was elected 3rd Lieutenant of Company C.
September 18, 1861___J. Peter Garrick enlisted in Company C at Cole's Island. South Carolina troops were now guarding the entrance to Stono River.
March 23, 1862___Thomas K. Legare elected commander and W. W. Legare elected 1st Lieutenant of Company F on Cole's Island.
April 9, 1862___Officers sign on with Company F at Cole's Island. Morgan W. Hughes enlists here, also.
April 11, 1862___Last muster of privates as state troops in Company C.
April 12, 1862___Company F - Second South Carolina Heavy Artillery Regiment formed at Fort Johnson on James Island. James A. Smoak enlists here.
June 16, 1862___The Battle of Secessionville takes place on James Island near the Tower Battery. Some of Company F's men said they took part in the battle.
October 7, 1862___Warren Middleton Hughes personally states that this is when he enlisted with Company F at age 16. He was really 15.
February 20, 1863___Andrew F. Smoak enlisted with Company F.
March 3, 1863___Andrew F. Smoak ordered to report to camp.
March 7, 1863___Official military record begins on Warren M. Hughes at James Island. Age is not given but he was 15 years old.
April 30, 1863___A. F. Smoak arrested. The charge is not made known.
July 1863____Morgan Hughes is shown present sick sometime during his July and August period of service.
July 7, 1863___Warren in his first battle at Grimballs Plantation.
July 10, 1863___ Major Edward Manigault begins keeping his journal. Major Manigault is in command of Siege Train Artillery of which Company F is attached.
July 11, 1863___70 men from the 2nd S. C. Heavy Artillery Regiment encamped on Point of Pines.
August 14, 1863___Lieutenant W. W. Legare, Ordnance Officer receives orders from General Hagood for horses to move cannon.
August 20, 1863___Lieutenant Legare sends Mortar Bed to Manigault Siege Train Line at Grimball's Plantation.
August 27, 1863___ Company F arrives at Battery Wagner on Morris Island. Battery Gregg and Battery Wagner is being defended by a 1,546 man garrison and taking heavy bombardment from the enemy.
September 2, 1863___Company F leaves Morris Island and board ship at Cummings Point on Thursday night. The 25th South Carolina Infantry had just rotated on the island.
September 8, 1863___Company F encamped at Point Legare.
September 12, 1863___Lieutenant W. W. Legare, Ordnance Officer stationed at Dill's Bluff on James Island Creek. He supplied the troops with munitions, artillery weapons and did repairs.
October 19, 1863___Lieutentant J. B. or A. A. Connor and an unknown number of men in Company F are relieved at Redoubt # 1.
January 29, 1864___Two men from Company F arrested at Wappoo Bridge for attempting to pass on permit with an altered date. This occurred on Friday and the next day they were sent to see Colonel Frederick, their regimental commander. Major Manigault did not name the two men.
March-April 1864____Warren Middleton Hughes is marked present sick on muster roll. This is the only time he is recorded sick in two years of service and took no leave during his service.
April 14, 1864___Lieutentant J. B. or A. A. Connor commands guard of 20 men at Legare's burnt house. This house was the neighboring plantation to Thomas Grimball on the southeast end of James Island.
April 28, 1864___Hagood's Brigade ordered off to Petersburg. Other infantry regiments leave James Island as well.
April 30, 1864___Major Manigault conducts his first inspection of Battery # 4 and T. K. Legare's Company. The little fort has no bombproof and equipped with five cannon. Its magazine is open and ammunition chests have bad covers. Major Manigault rated the company as good in discipline, instruction and military appearance. The arms consisted of U. S. Muskets Models 1822 and 1842. He noted that company of 120 men is from Orangeburg.
May 8, 1864___ Lieutenant Shuler of Company F (Legare's) 2nd Artillery was ranking Lieutenant and commander at Picket Head Quarters.
May 11, 1864___Lieutenant J. B. or A. A Connor at burnt house (Legare's ) and the 2nd S. C. Heavy Artillery furnished 100 men.
May 13, 1864___One hour after sunrise on Friday morning, 5 men on picket at Post # 5 were captured. Corporal W. J. D. Moorer was in charge. Post # 5 was a former Yankee battery near Secessionville. W. J. D. Moorer was taken to Hilton Head Island. Major Manigault did not name who the other four men were or what company they were soldiers in. His opinion was that they must have been asleep at their post.
May 19, 1864___Lieutenant J. B. Connor in command of Reserve at the head of Grimball's Causeway.
May 20, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler in command 100 men from 2nd Artillery as Reserve.
May 21, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. or J. B. Connor in command of the Stono Pickets.
May 22, 1864___The Stone House Pickets (40 men) under charge of Sergt. Riley, Legare's Company, 2nd Regt. Arty., retired early and were in no danger of being cut off. The Stono Pickets were put in to the reserve with either Lieutenants J. B. or A. A. Connor in command of them. Major Manigault praised both groups for their good service. Yankees were making a tactical assault from Cole's Island.
May 25, 1864___ Lt. J. B. Connor in command of the Stono Posts of about 40 men.
May 26, 1864___Lt. J. B. Connor in command of Stono Pickets and Stono Islands with between 39 to 40 men.
May 27, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler, Company F, 2nd Artillery, in command at Overseer's House.
May 30, 1864___Captain T. K. Legare, Captain Edmund J. Felder and Colonel Thomas Lipscomb met at Major Manigault's camp to appraise horses.
May 31, 1864___The eastern portion of the New Lines were shelled from Black Island and Long Island. Lieutenant J. B. or A. A. Connor and Lieutenant Rush in command of 75 men from 2nd Artillery took the Stono Posts and the Reserve Station. Private horses belonging to the Officers of the Siege Train appraised by Board of Officers consisting of Colonel Thomas Lipscomb, 2nd S. C. Calvary, Captain E. J. Felder and Captain T. K. Legare, 2nd S. C. Artillery. They met and made appraisal in pursuance of Special Order No. 4.
June 6, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. or J. B. Connor in command of 40 men at Rivers Causeway.
June 11, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler in command of Reserve.
June 13, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. or J. B. Connor, Company F (the larger) in command of Stono Pickets. Lieutenant A. A. or J. B. Connor, Company F (the smaller) in command supporting party at Rivers' Causeway.
June 18, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. Connor Commanding the Stono Pickets.
June 19, 1864___Liuetenant A. A. Connor in Command of Reserve at Grimball's Causeway.
June 22, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler in command of Reserve at Grimball's Causeway.
June 27, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler, Company F, 2nd Artillery in command of Reserve at Rivers' Causeway.
June 29, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. Connor in command of Stono Pickets.
June 30, 1864___Captain T. K. Legare conducts muster and inspection Bonaud's Battalion. Major J. J. Lucas did the same to 2nd Artillery New Lines. Lieutenant J. B. Connor in command of Reserve at Grimball's Causeway.
July 1, 1864___Lieutenant J. B. Connor in Command of Stono Pickets.
July 2, 1864___During a large Federal engagement which included the Stono River side of James Island, Major Manigault finds Lieutenant J. B. Connor with 25 or 30 men returning from watch. He led men to Grimball's Causeway to establish another Picket. Manigault then dismisses Connor and his men.
July 15, 1864___Lieutenant J. B. Connor commanded pickets on left from Grimball's Causeway to Rivers' Road. 100 men from 2nd S. C. Artillery went on Picket at 6 p. m. relieving the 10th N. C. Battalion and the 7th Georgia Volunteers.
July 23, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. Connor with 70 men 2nd Artillery formed the infantry picket.
July 27, 1864___Lieutenant A. A. Connor with 70 men 2nd Artillery and Lieutenant Mosley 20 men from Co. B Siege Train guarded the Stono Line. Major Manigault complained that he had to leave out two posts because lack of personnel.
August 4, 1864___100 men from the 2nd Artillery went on picket duty commanded by Lieutenant Shuler on the right and Lieutenant A. A. Connor on the left.
August 6, 1864___Battery # 4 shelled by Yankee batteries on Long Island between 12 and 2 in the afternoon. Working party was performing duty on fort.
August 9, 1864___1st S. C. Calvary furnished 20 men under Lieutenant W. D. Connor ( A cousin of A. A. Connor and J. B. Connor, 2nd Artillery)
August 10, 1864___At 6:45 p. m. at Battery #2, 2nd Artillery furnished 100 men. Lieutenant A. A. Connor commanded the left side.
August 16, 1864___Corporal W. J. D. Moorer is exchanged at Port Royal Ferry, S. C. and rejoins Company F.
August 22, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler commanding 50 men from 2nd South Carolina Artillery at Rivers' Causeway.
August 26, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler in command of 3 n. c. o. and 50 men of 2nd S. C. Artillery at Rivers' Causeway.
August 27, 1864___Lieutenant Shuler was relieved from Picket duty in morning to attend to Examining Board.
August 30, 1864___Morgan W. Hughes begins ten days furlough. It is not known if he went home to Cordova.
August 31, 1864___Major Manigault makes his last recorded muster and inspection of Companies and Batteries in his journal. He had high marks for Company F and noted improvements of Battery #4. Having filled his book, Edward Manigault's journal record stops on this date.
September 1864____ Morgan W. Hughes is shown on his service records from September through October as Picket. During this period, Captain Thomas K. Legare is in command of Battalion.
December 1864____Last muster roll for Company F completed. Most men still shown present including Morgan and Warren Hughes.
January 1865___Captain Thomas K. Legare relieved from duty as Judge Advocate. He is on leave January 31.
February 10, 1865____Last battle in Siege of Charleston fought at Grimball's Causeway on James Island. Major Manigault wounded and made prisoner of war. Company G is only 2nd S. C. Artillery company involved.
February 18, 1865____Evacuation of Charleston began. Company F spiked their five cannon and followed order to burn all papers. Legare's Company joined other troops marching over the Wappoo Bridge off James Island and cross the Ashley River at Bee's Ferry. James Island troops continue to march through the night passing through Otranto onto Monck Corner.
February 19, 1865___James Island troops meet up with other Charleston garrison troops at the railhead in St. Stephens. Many artillery companies disbanded in route due to desertions. Most were family men whom slipped off in the middle of the night to go home. Troops board the train and travel the Northeastern Railroad to Florence.
February 21, 1865____ Train slowly brings the troops into Florence. They wait there to be joined by other Confederates coming from Columbia and Carolina Coast. Company F is now part of Hardee's Corps of 8000 men.
March 3, 1865____Hardee's small army arrived in Cheraw by train. The infantry marched through a covered bridge over the Great PeeDee River. Lead elements of Sherman's army arrived shortly thereafter and captured most of the Confederate field artillery in transport. Confederate rear guard torched the covered bridge.
March 8, 1865___After six days forced marching through the southern sandhills of North Carolina, Hardee's army enters Fayetteville. The soldiers had a brief stay here to rest and resupply.
March 10, 1865___Calvary battle at Monroe's Crossroads erupts in the predawn hours between General Wade Hampton's Confederates and Union General Judson Kilpatrick's Horse Soldiers. Later that day, Hardee's Infantry begins marching across the covered bridge over the Cape Fear River.
March 15, 1865___Hardee make a stand on the Smith's Plantation south of Averasboro. He lays out three lines of defense. Company F was now part of Elliot's Brigade on the second defensive line.
March 16, 1865___After holding the first line for over half the day, Rhett's Brigade falls back to the second line. The second line is shortly flanked by Union troops and all troops fall back to Hardee's third and strongest line of Veterans. It is here that Elliot's Brigade anchored the center and fought until nightfall.
March 17, 1865___During the night, Hardee had his men crawl off on hand and knees. The cavalry kept the fires going to cover the withdrawal. By the morning, all the troops were on the way to Elevation.
March 19, 1865___At 3 p. m. on Sunday afternoon, Hardee,s troops arrived at Bentonville. Elliott's Brigade was immediately put on the right side of the Army of the Tennessee. Rhett's Brigade was directly behind. At the beginning of the charge, Elliott's men overran Carlin's Fourteenth Corps. They started a rout among the Federal troops and captured two cannon. Elliott's Brigade continued to roll till they reached the Reddick Morris Farm and ran into the entrenched Twentieth Corps. The Second South Carolina Heavy Artillery was the largest regiment in either brigade. Its 480 men emerged from the forest edge on the brigade's left front led by Lt. Colonel J. Welsman Brown. As they weathered bullets and artillery shells from the front, two Yankee regiments open fire from a wooden ravine on the right. On the second volley, someone in the brigade yell "flanked" and Elliott's whole brigade ran back to the relative safety of the woods. The only military charge in its history had cost Company F 18 wounded.
March 21-22, 1865___The Second S. C. Artillery regiment was first regiment to march across Mill Creek when General Joe Johnston gave the order to with draw from the battlefield at midnight. The army retreated to Smithfield.
April 7, 1865___After a two-week encampment north of Smithfield, Johnston's army paraded on the grounds at Mitchner's Station. North Carolina Governor, Zebulon Vance, came down from Raleigh to attend the last grand review of the Confederate Army. Lt. Colonel J. Welsman Brown led Hardee's Corps of sharply drilled troops to the cheers of the audience. He later wrote that it was the most notable day in his field experience.
April 10, 1865___Johnston divided his army up into 3 corps of infantry and breaks camp. Company F is assigned to Stewart's Corps and marches toward Raleigh with Sherman's army in pursuit. Morgan W. Hughes is admitted to the Pettigrew Hospital on this date. The reason he is there is not listed on his record. His brother, Warren, says he was wounded at Bentonville.
April 12, 1865___Morgan W. Hughes transferred from Pettigrew Hospital in Raleigh.
April 13, 1865___Stewart's Corps camped at Hillsborough. Morgan W. Hughes moved by train to Garrett House Hospital in Greensboro.
April 15, 1865___Stewart's Corps march across the raging Haw River using the railroad trestle.
April 16, 1865___Stewart's Corps arrive at Greensboro.
April 19, 1865___Johnston's first surrender to Sherman at Bennett's Place outside Durham.
April 26, 1865___Johnston's second surrender to Sherman at Bennett's Place. Officers paroled. Company F is disbanded, Warren leaves for home without parole papers. Family history says he walked the entire distance to Orangeburg.
May 2, 1865___Johnston had 16,000 paroles handed out to his remaining soldiers. General Johnston gives his farewell address to the Army of the Tennessee. Morgan W. Hughes is released from the Garrett House Hospital and receives a parole. He is paid a dollar and a quarter for his trip home.